How can you prevent pain from toe deformities?

How can you prevent pain from toe deformities?

For many people, a protruding big toe "bone" causes not only aesthetic concerns but also severe pain when walking. However, the issues associated with toe deformities extend far beyond this.

Dr. Aleksas Makulavičius, an orthopaedic traumatologist at Kardiolita Klinikos in Vilnius, explains that the most common issue is the deformity of the first toe, with deformities of the little toes being less frequent. There is also a rising incidence of wear and tear in the first toe joint, and in the worst cases, a combination of these deformities can occur in one foot.

Patients with foot deformities typically first notice visual changes in the foot's shape, though sometimes pain is the initial symptom. As pain worsens and the deformity progresses, the risk of irreversible wear and tear of the articular cartilage due to irregular loading increases significantly.

  • The solution depends on the individual case, including the duration and intensity of the patient's symptoms. Non-surgical treatments are often the first approach, utilizing comfortable footwear, insoles, and stretching exercises. If these measures are ineffective and the deformity worsens, surgical treatment may be necessary.
  • Standard surgery usually takes about an hour, but for large, complex deformities involving multiple toes, it can take up to 2-2.5 hours.